Hi people, I got this post in one of the whatsapp groups I belong and I thought you would all like to see it both Nigerians and non Nigerians. It says a lot about why Nigerians behave the way they do and you will agree with me after reading it that it is so on point. Enjoy
Institutional and normative culture shapes success of a country
What about Nigeria?
If we explore the Nigerian culture through the lens of the 6-D Model©, we can get a good overview of the deep drivers of its culture relative to other world cultures.
This dimension deals with the fact that all individuals in societies
are not equal – it expresses the attitude of the culture towards these
inequalities amongst us. Power Distance is defined as the extent to
which the less powerful members of institutions and organizations within
a country expect and accept that power is distributed unequally.
Nigeria scores high on this dimension (score of 80) which means that
people accept a hierarchical order in which everybody has a place and
which needs no further justification. Hierarchy in an organization is
seen as reflecting inherent inequalities, centralization is popular,
subordinates expect to be told what to do and the ideal boss is a
The fundamental issue
addressed by this dimension is the degree of interdependence a society
maintains among its members. It has to do with whether people´s
self-image is defined in terms of “I” or “We”. In Individualist
societies people are supposed to look after themselves and their direct
family only. In Collectivist societies people belong to ‘in groups’ that
take care of them in exchange for loyalty.
Nigeria, with a score
of 30 is considered a collectivistic society. This is manifest in a
close long-term commitment to the member ‘group’, be that a family,
extended family, or extended relationships. Loyalty in a collectivist
culture is paramount, and over-rides most other societal rules and
regulations. The society fosters strong relationships where everyone
takes responsibility for fellow members of their group. In collectivist
societies offense leads to shame and loss of face, employer/employee
relationships are perceived in moral terms (like a family link), hiring
and promotion decisions take account of the employee’s in-group,
management is the management of groups.
score (Masculine) on this dimension indicates that the society will be
driven by competition, achievement and success, with success being
defined by the winner / best in field – a value system that starts in
school and continues throughout organizational life.
A low score
(Feminine) on the dimension means that the dominant values in society
are caring for others and quality of life. A Feminine society is one
where quality of life is the sign of success and standing out from the
crowd is not admirable. The fundamental issue here is what motivates
people, wanting to be the best (Masculine) or liking what you do
Nigeria scores 60 on this dimension and is thus a
Masculine society. In Masculine countries people “live in order to
work”, managers are expected to be decisive and assertive, the emphasis
is on equity, competition and performance and conflicts are resolved by
fighting them out.
Uncertainty Avoidance has to do with the way that a society deals with
the fact that the future can never be known: should we try to control
the future or just let it happen? This ambiguity brings with it anxiety
and different cultures have learnt to deal with this anxiety in
different ways. The extent to which the members of a culture feel
threatened by ambiguous or unknown situations and have created beliefs
and institutions that try to avoid these is reflected in the score on
Nigeria receives an intermediate score of 55 on this dimension, which does not show a clear preference.
Long Term Orientation
This dimension describes how every society has to maintain some links
with its own past while dealing with the challenges of the present and
future, and societies prioritize these two existential goals
differently. Normative societies. which score low on this dimension, for
example, prefer to maintain time-honored traditions and norms while
viewing societal change with suspicion. Those with a culture which
scores high, on the other hand, take a more pragmatic approach: they
encourage thrift and efforts in modern education as a way to prepare for
Nigeria scores very low (13) on this dimension, meaning
that its culture is normative instead of pragmatic. People in such
societies have a strong concern with establishing the absolute Truth;
they are normative in their thinking. They exhibit great respect for
traditions, a relatively small propensity to save for the future, and a
focus on achieving quick results.
One challenge that
confronts humanity, now and in the past, is the degree to which small
children are socialized. Without socialization we do not become “human”.
This dimension is defined as the extent to which people try to control
their desires and impulses, based on the way they were raised.
Relatively weak control is called “Indulgence” and relatively strong
control is called “Restraint”. Cultures can, therefore, be described as
Indulgent or Restrained.
With a very high score of 84, Nigerian
culture is said to be one of Indulgence. People in societies classified
by a high score in Indulgence generally exhibit a willingness to realise
their impulses and desires with regard to enjoying life and having fun.
They possess a positive attitude and have a tendency towards optimism.
In addition, they place a higher degree of importance on leisure time,
act as they please and spend money as they wish.